Along the way, the machines also laid the foundation for IBM.
C-T-Ra corporation composed of three companies that manufactured tabulating machines, scales, and time recorders. InThomas J. These machines reduced tabulation time for the U.
Census from seven to three years. In Thomas John Watson Jr. The complex became both a research facility and manufacturing plant.
Engineers, electronic specialists, computer scientists, assemblers, secretaries, and shipping clerks comprised a staff that began with employees, peaked around 10, employees in and remained at approximately 1, since the late s. A small engineering team led first by William Lowe and then by Philip "Don" Estridge, secretly developed a personal computer code name "Acorn" that was to be ready for market within one year.
Under pressure to meet an incredibly tight deadline and with autonomy from management unprecedented in IBM history, a small team created a personal computer that became the standard for the PC industry. Rather than develop all the parts internally, the team, incorporating an "open architecture," quickly pulled together existing resources from outside companies.
The open architecture allowed for add-on components to the internal system. In Time Magazine named the computer, "Machine of the Year," the first time ever that an object rather than a person won the esteemed award. The birth of the IBM PC in Boca Raton, brought other high-tech companies to the area, increased employment opportunities, and fueled the transformation of Boca Raton from resort town to business center.
Staff size grew to over 10, to keep pace with the demand for the PC. IBMers eagerly accepted positions at Boca Raton for within IBM ranks; it had gained a reputation for being a place of exciting and revolutionary work.
Many organizational changes occurred during the s. By the early s, implementation of these decisions was complete — many employees were transferred to the North Carolina and Texas sites. IBM South Florida engineers have been directly involved in voice recognition technology and advanced business solutions we all encounter in everyday life.
Today IBM is once again on the cutting edge of technology and its applications.
Since1, patents have been issued to inventors working at IBM locations in Florida. Of those, 1, are focused on key technological areas of interest to IBM South Florida locations, including Personal Computers, Operating Systems, Personal Computer accessories, communication, speech recognition, and mobile devices.IBM - International Business Machines Corporation is a multinational technology and consulting organization.
Having its genesis in US, IBM is now one of the leading technology organizations all over the globe.
IBM is headquartered in Armonk, New York, US. IBM Research is the innovation engine of the IBM corporation. It is the largest industrial research organization in the world with 12 labs on 6 continents.
IBM Research defines the future of technology.
From a biography of John Backus, who was later to develop FORTRAN (among many other contributions). During that spring , Backus visited the IBM Computer Center on Madison Avenue, where he toured the Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator (SSEC), one of IBM's early electronic computers.
The IBM disk storage unit, the first disk drive, was announced by IBM as a component of the IBM RAMAC computer system on September 13, Simultaneously a very similar product, the IBM , was announced for the IBM RAMAC computer system. RAMAC stood for "Random Access Method of Accounting . On June 16, , three successful 19th-century companies decided to merge, marking the beginnings of IBM history.
The Tabulating Machine Company, the International Time Recording Company, and the Computing Scale Company of America joined together to incorporate and form one company, the Computing Tabulating Recording Company. IBM or big blue as the company has been affectionately called has been a major innovator of computer and computer related products during this century and the last.
However, before there was IBM, there was C-T-R, and before C-T-R there was the companies that were to one day merge and become the Computing-Tabulating-Recording Company.