Plato Plato says that happiness is the possession, or the possession and correct use, of goods. Correlatively, misery is the possession of bads, or the possession and incorrect use of goods.
Life Aristotle was born in bc, in the Macedonian city of Stagira, now part of northern Greece.
In his lifetime the kingdom of Macedon, first under Philip and then under Philip's son Alexander 'the Great'conquered both the Greek cities of Europe and Asia and the Persian Empire. Although Aristotle spent much of his adult life in Athens, he was not an Athenian citizen.
He was closely linked to the kings of Macedon, whom many Greeks regarded as foreign invaders; hence, he was affected by the volatile relations between Macedon and the Greek cities, especially Athens. Aristotle was the son of Nicomachus, a doctor attached to the Macedonian court.
In bc Aristotle came to Athens. He belonged to Plato's Academy until the death of Plato in ; during these years Plato wrote his important later dialogues including the Sophist, Timaeus, Philebus, Statesman, and Lawswhich reconsider many of the doctrines of his earlier dialogues and pursue new lines of thought.
Since there was no dogmatic system of 'Platonism', Aristotle was neither a disciple of such a system nor a rebel against it.
The exploratory and critical outlook of the Academy probably encouraged Aristotle's own philosophical growth. Later he moved to Lesbos, in the eastern Aegean, and then to Macedon, where he was a tutor of Alexander.
In he returned to Athens and founded his own school, the Lyceum. In Alexander died; in the resulting outbreak of anti-Macedonian feeling in Athens Aristotle left for Chalcis, on the island of Euboea, where he died in Aristotle married Pythias, a niece of Hermeias, the ruler of Assos.
They had a daughter, also called Pythias. After the death of his wife, Aristotle formed an attachment to Herpyllis, and they had a son Nicomachus. Order of Aristotle's works By the end of Aristotle's life the Lyceum must have become a well-established school. It lasted after Aristotle's death; his successor as head of the school was his pupil Theophrastus.
Many of the works in the Aristotelian corpus appear to be closely related to Aristotle's lectures in the Lyceum. The polished character of some passages suggests preparation for publication for example, Parts of Animals I 5but many passages contain incomplete sentences and compressed allusions, suggesting notes that a lecturer might expand for example, Metaphysics VII It may be wrong, therefore, to ask about the 'date' of a particular treatise.
If Aristotle neither published nor intended to publish the treatises, a given treatise may easily contain contributions from different dates. For similar reasons, we cannot plausibly take cross-references from one work to another as evidence of the order of the works.Aimed at deepening our understanding of the Poetics, this collection places Aristotle's analysis of tragedy in its larger philosophical context.
In these twenty-one essays, philosophers and classicists explore the corpus of Aristotle's work in order to link the Poetics to the rest of his views on psychology and on history, ethics, and politics. The inescapable conclusion is that subjectivity, relativity and irrationalism are advocated [by Richard Rorty] not in order to let in all opinions, but precisely so as to exclude the opinions of people who believe in old authorities and objective truths.
This compilation will mark a high point of excellence in its genre."--Gregory Vlastos, University of California, Berkeley.
Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors Socrates and yunusemremert.comophical ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live.
Aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate fields of study, since ethics examines the good of the individual, while politics examines the good of.
Amélie Oksenberg Rorty is a Belgian-born American philosopher known for her work in the philosophy of mind (in particular on the emotions), history of philosophy (especially Aristotle, Spinoza and Descartes), and moral philosophy. Peter looks at one of Aristotle’s most popular works, the Nicomachean Ethics, and its ideas about happiness and virtue.