Web mail Although we think of the Internet as a new entity, its origins date back over 40 years. When we talk about the Internet, we talk about the World Wide Web from the past four or five years. But, its history goes back a lot further; all the way back to the s and 60s. America was so fascinated with sending men into outer space, hundreds of miles away, it never saw what was being invented to bring everyone closer together -- eventually.
Our criteria By what criteria would we determine what was a primitive Internet? We will examine the various verifiable events according to the following criteria Was it a connection between networks? Did it involve computers? Did it involve humans communicating with each other? Was it an actual event and not a theoretical document?
If a theory passes all these tests, the final test is - was it the first "Internet"? These criteria, we suggest, all have to be met before we have the event which could be called "the birthday of the Internet".
If not all are met, we are dealing with a different but perhaps closely related species, or with a theory which was at that place and time untested. So, let the games begin! Theory One - Packet switching represents the origins of the Internet The Arpanet claim to Internet origins largely rests on acceptance of this theory and a belief that this was the first ever packet switching exchange.
As Kleinrock is purported to have reflected on the 35th anniversary of this event in"When we sent that first message, it marked the birth of a new method of global communications that has forever changed the course of business, politics, entertainment, education and social interaction, Now, 35 years later, the Internet has become so pervasive that even my year-old mother uses it.
It was not the first packet switching event It was not about people communicating over distance It was not a connection relating to "a network of networks". It never got funded; but Donald Davies did develop the concept of packet switching, a means by which messages can travel from point to point across a network.
Kim Veltman goes further in exploring this "We are almost always told that the Internet began solely in America. This is not really true. The earliest pioneers included a Frenchman, Louis Pouzin, who introduced the idea of data grams and an Englishman, Donald W.
Davies, who was one of the inventors of packet-switching. Another of the great pioneers in Britain was Peter T. Kirstein, who went to America at the beginning of the Arpanet in when it was decided that Davies could not go for reasons of national security.
Hence an English project of inspired the beginnings of the US Internet in ". What follows from this analysis is that, if we believe that the first trials of packet switching represents the beginnings of the Internet, the Internet began in the UK, not USA. But does that theory meet all our tests?
Arpanet in was not about people communicating over distance Another reason to reject the Arpanet origins theory is that the Arpanet was not about people communicating over distance at all - something which would be a primary determinant of what we know as the Internet. Arpanet was about time-sharing.
Although Arpanet developed packet switching, Larry Roberts Project Manager and Architect for the Arpanet project makes it clear that sending messages between people was "not an important motivation for a network of scientific computers".The Internet was the result of some visionary thinking by people in the early s who saw great potential value in allowing computers to share information on research and development in scientific and military fields.
The term is often mistakenly used as a synonym for the Internet itself, but the Web is a service that operates over the Internet, just as e-mail also does. The history of the Internet dates back significantly further than that of the World Wide Web. The Internet today is a widespread information infrastructure, the initial prototype of what is often called the National (or Global or Galactic) Information Infrastructure.
Its history is complex and involves many aspects – technological, organizational, and community. Check out the complete history of social media.
You might be surprised. Although it seems like a new trend, sites like Facebook are the natural outcome of many centuries of social media development. Internet relay chats, or IRCs, were first used in and continued to be popular well into the ’s.
Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in Sir Tim Berners-Lee is a British computer scientist. He was born in London, and his parents were early computer scientists, working on one of the earliest computers.
Growing up, Sir Tim was interested in trains and had a model railway in his. A Brief History of the Internet Sharing Resources. The Internet started in the s as a way for government researchers to share information. Computers in the '60s were large and immobile and in order to make use of information stored in any one computer, one had to either travel to the site of the computer or have magnetic computer tapes sent.